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Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on The Global Economy

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The World Health Organization first declared covid-19 a global health emergency in January 2020. On March 11, it announced the viral outbreak of covid-19 as a pandemic. Since then, the emergency evolved into global public health and economic crisis that affected the global economy beyond anything experienced in a century. 

The effects of the pandemic are severe and vary from country to country. It has increased the economic costs among nations, disrupted people's lives, and affected world trade and movements. 

This post will discuss the effects of a covid-19 pandemic on the global economy. Read on

1.  Debt

Public finances have been affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. The closing of economies and reduced lending opportunities has decreased the value of local currencies making repayment of dollar-denominated debt harder. Governments face a fiscal deficit due to increased social protection expenditure for the unemployed and poor and reduced tax revenues. The debt from Covid-19 is different from that of the financial crisis and will not be explainable through the international development paradigm.

2. Global Value Chain

Covid-19 has impacted the global value chains globally, especially the agricultural and industrial forms over the past. The pandemic caused a severe shortage of supplies of goods manufactured worldwide, especially the shortage of medical supplies affecting many countries' health scenarios. Due to growing nationalism and protectionism for industrial sovereignty, many countries have imposed export bans, which resulted in a shortage of medical supplies such as pharmaceutical drugs, personal protective equipment (PPE kits), and other medical products. As a result, the pressure on domestic value chains has increased, and de-globalization has emerged again. 

3. Disruption in The Manufacturing Industries

Due to the lockdown and the risk of spreading the disease, the manufacturing of essential goods has slowed down. The supply chain of products has been disrupted, and national and international businesses face losses. The cash flow in the market is poor, slowing down the revenue growth in the economy. 

4. Loss of Employment

Millions of workers have lost their jobs as industries have shut down. The GDP of many economies has also been impacted due to production in industries being disrupted. The closure of hotels, and restaurants, has also disrupted people's lives. 

5. Labor Shortage

As workers are affected by the pandemic, many will either choose to stay home or be forced to. In some countries, self-isolation measures are elective. In other regions that are more affected, the government may require workers in non-essential industries not to break isolation measures. It may affect the company, from processing feed or feeding animals to delivering goods across quarantined regions.

Bottom Line

The effects of the virus on world economies would be more devastating in the long run if the virus did not stop in the short term. Therefore, it is necessary for the government and international cooperation to reduce the economic consequences of the effects of the virus in the future. 


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